Pushkin Square
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The destruction of the historic urban framework of Pushkin Square is reassessed in the proposed project. The elimination of the historic urban structure along Tverskaya Street during the 70's is re-established.
The historically listed building across in Tverskaya Street is complimented by the new proposed office structure. The listed historic buildings are retained to create a unique edge of city memory within the architectural concept. All buildings along Malaya Dmitovka Street are retained to preserve the history of this edge even though of lesser historic status. The Izvestiya Office extensions of the 70's add no value to the project and removal is considered. The lack of any architectural merit especially the ill-defined curtain-wall façade onto Bolshoy Putinskovskiy Lane and the original Izvestiya Building impacts negatively onto the Square. Along Nastasyinsky Lane the old "Kodak" building is to be demolished in the developed concept of the project. The 400 room "5 star" hotel needs a large porte cochere to provide the important associated image. The importance of the Tverskaya Street as an address would provide an international status to the hotel. The landmark and iconic image of Sytin House would support the memory of place and strengthen the hotel and its entrance onto Tverskaya. A thirty meter turning circle with fountain and large glazed canopy would ensure the efficient traffic management to the hotel.
These concepts and the need for planning the hotel along Nastastinsky Lane makes it imperative that the property known as "Trud" Publishing House be incorporated within the project.
The remaining three boundaries of the site cannot provide this essential function, so important to hotel planning, due to the extreme traffic volumes carried. The hotel planned would provide approximately 400 rooms over 7 levels with two lower levels dedicated to public areas. Pushkin Square is destined to become the great meeting place for all Moscovites. Direct linkage to the Moscow underground (3 stations) and bus transport would ensure excellent communications within the city. The making of this square would contribute to a memorable experience probably unique to Moscow. The careful analysis of historic and contemporary squares in the world and the experience of Nelson Mandela Square (Johannesburg) provided us with the dimensions suitable to Moscow.
InThe careful preservation of the historic edge buildings and the retention of the 1927 Izvestiya Constructivist building in its entirety allows history to become acknowledged within the square and its architecture to be manifest. The nature of the site provides a four-meter differential between Tverskaya and Malaya Dmitrovka Streets. (163.00 159.00). The square at 164.00 level would ideally contain a Retail floor below the square with the direct links to the Metro Stations and Malaya Dmitrovka Street.
Below the Retail level four levels of parking provide 1800 parking bays. This much needed facility would further enhance Pushkin Square as the business focus for Moscow. Access to parking was carefully analysed with a required eight traffic lanes necessary to service the 1800 bays. To dissipate traffic, Nastasyinskiy Lane and Bolshoy Putinskovskiy Streets are utilized. (see prepared traffic report suggesting optional solutions). The design proposal for these eight lanes coincides with ramped requirement due to the level of the located garage. (Furthest to Malaya Dmitrovka the more advantageous regarding ramped inclines).
The square must become a filter of pedestrian movement across the site, providing free access at the Retail as well as Square level. This movement must be encouraged to maintain the importance of Pushkin Square as a "Public Room" available to all, not an elitist shopping centre. The Retail shopping level connecting the metro and Malaya Dmitrovka would open up into the Square allowing visual directions and natural light to penetrate, providing the important interaction between these levels. Escalators and lifts planned at strategic positions would provide for enhanced pedestrian flow.
The existing 5 storey building situated along Malaya Dmitrovka Street with extensions into Nastasyinskiy Lane is to be developed as a Boutique hotel with a Porte-Cochere and a turning circle of some 20 meters. The historic Buildings Malaya Dmitrovka 1/7 B2 and 1/7 B1 could be developed as a museum celebrating the history of the site, its evolution and historic persona having touched their lives within this important Moscow enclave. A major tourist attraction could be developed to assist visitors in understanding the cultural wealth of this vital site and city. Nastasyinskiy Street is to be re-developed and re-surfaced as a cobbled texture-space (no pavements) is providing an urban concept of pedestrian and vehicular movement allowing separation by means of bollards etc. This concept will define the Porte Cochere entrances to the two hotels.
The contribution of this project to the extraordinary wealth of architectural history of Moscow re-evaluates the existing cultural legacy found within the immediate precinct of Pushkin Square. These architectural legends will combine with the new structures creating a historic continuity of these existing buildings into the 21st century.
The design provides a building envelope of technological and environmental performance to create an exemplary and responsible architecture, ensuring a philosophy of low energy utilisation. As part of the Kyoto Protocol it would be of enormous interest to showcase this project demonstrating its commitment to global concerns.
The covered square will become an architectural landmark in Moscow as well as internationally. The operation of an "all weather square", landscaped with mature trees, will provide a unique setting for Pushkin Square. Large enough not to be confused with another shopping centre but be the embodiment of a great urban space reflecting the rich cultural heritage of Moscow as a world-class city. This opportunity is unique in the development of city-building and combined with 21st century technological engineering skills, would ensure acceptable standards of performance.
The hotel, designed with an internal atrium extending in a stepped format throughout the nine levels, is situated on Nastasyinskiy Lane as well as overlooking the Square. The glazed facade and Porte Cochere facing onto Tverskaya Street will provide a dramatic view into the internal volume. At night the interior would provide and communicate its presence onto this important street address. From the glazed and covered porte-cochere connections directly via a ramp is made into the hotel foyer and reception area, (L1-164.00).
The major hotel public areas are planned at L2 (169.00). Within the stepped and landscaped atrium, a business centre, indoor pool, gymnasium and health spa is planned. The hotel BOH services are situated within various basement levels, connected to the service delivery area. Approximately 400 hotel room modules are planned on seven levels with views onto the square and externally overlooking historic Moscow.
Restaurants and coffee shops are planned at square level. The environment within Pushkin Square would allow these facilities to extend their operations onto the square all-year round, thus ensuring these vital activities to create life within Pushkin Square.
The large Retail floor planned below the Square on level 159.00 would be directly connected to the underground Metro and level with Malaya Dmitrovka Street. Large openings to the square with escalators and lifts would connect these areas to the square. Detailed and measured analysis of this level would be needed to allow these proposals to be studied. (studies to include existing areas such as the Moscow Metro, existing Retail and the options on the Izvestiya's 70's building).
The upper level (L2 169.00) surrounding the square could be dedicated to banks and other supporting functions. Cinemas planned on the retail level would ensure vitality within the commercial areas.
Existing buildings and new interventions constructed would provide for commercial office facilities. The future of historic buildings such as Sytin House and the Izvestiya building are considered as office functions allowing a continuous office zoning to be established.
Due to the low profile of the historic buildings on Malaya Dmitrovka and Bolshoy Putinskovskiy Streets, apartments at levels L4-L9 would provide external views to these facilities. The residential component would further enrich the functional complexity of the project and ensure a 24 hour presence within the development.
Planned as a continuous ramped floor, effective and economic floor-plates provide parking for 1800 bays. Access via lift cores would provide ease of pedestrian communication to all upper levels of the development. (Eight lanes of traffic would be required to provide adequate vehicular flow for the 1800 bays planned.)
Environmentally responsible performance of the facades would reflect the technological philosophy of buildings in Moscow in the 21st century.
The existing building facades, all of historic and cultural importance would be restored and re-evaluated to ensure an energy efficient performance commensurate with the new buildings.
Stone finishes in combination with the glazed facades could connect historic edges with contemporary expressions of the architecture.
Enriched floor textures to the square would be designed to provide a unique sense of place.
The combination of historic facades fused with contemporary connected elements would provide a unique opportunity for an architectural achievement within an international context.

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